Skin Cancer Causes, Treatments and Effects

Published By Era Health, 21 Sep 2017

Skin Cancer Causes, Treatments and Effects
One form of cancer that is becoming common these days and severely affecting many Americans is skin cancer. Every year, among all the cancer cases, almost 20 percent are of skin cancer and this number is continuously increasing. The rise of these cases is because of increased risk factors and carcinogens in environment.
Among the three forms of cancer (Basal cell carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma and Melanoma), Melanoma is the most dangerous. It is responsible for most of the deaths caused by skin cancer all over the world.
Causes of Skin Cancer
• Exposure to sunlight: The prime cause of skin cancer is over exposure to UV rays either from the sun or any other source. The factors that matter are UV ray’s intensity, time duration, and protection (clothes or sunscreens).
• White Skin: People with white skin are more prone to skin cancer because their skin lacks or has very low level of melanin. Dark colored skin people have higher level of natural protecting pigment melanin; thus they remain protected from harmful sun rays and cancer.
• Exposure to Carcinogen: Carcinogen includes nicotine, tar, oil and arsenic among others. Long term exposure to them triggers the disease in some cases.
• Family History: There are increased chances of skin cancer in those people who have a family history of skin cancer.
Treatment of Skin Cancer
The treatment of skin cancer depends upon the severity of the cancer and involved body part. If it is diagnosed at an early stage by a skin cancer clinic Melbourne, it can be treated easily and more effectively. Various approaches for treatment of skin cancer are as follows:
• Surgery
Some of the vital surgical techniques followed today to remove cancerous skin tissues are laser surgery, dermabrasion, cryosurgery and simple excision. These surgeries usually completely remove non-melanomas cancer.
• Chemotherapy
The skin affected by cancer is treated by applying chemotherapeutic medicines, which come in the form of ointments or cream. They target the cancerous cells and either kill them or halt their ability to divide.
• Radiation Therapy
The two forms, namely internal or external radiation therapies, are used to treat skin cancer. The intensity of radiation depends upon the stage of the cancer.
• Photo dynamic Theory
In this treatment, patients are treated with photo active drugs attached to the cancerous skin cells. With laser lights, these drugs are activated; and they kill the diseased cells and leave the normal ones.
Effects of Skin Cancer Treatment
Different methods used today may help successfully treat the skin cancer, but these treatments may leave some side effects.
• When the cancerous tissues in the skin are removed surgically, the patient may get a scar on the body for their whole life. No surgeon can give the guarantee of removing cancer without scar.
• When skin cancer is treated by chemotherapy, the ointments and creams used in the affected area may cause inflammation. Some people experience severe inflammation issues, which sometimes result in discontinuation of treatment and shift towards other methods to treat. Some other side-effects include vomiting, nausea, hair loss, etc.
However, the good thing is that despite all these troubles, the patient gets cured from one of the most life- threating diseases - skin cancer.
At Era health skin cancer clinic in Melbourne, we care for our patients. Our team of doctors are experienced and qualified to diagnose and treat Skin Cancer Clinic Melbourne.